Fix Python – How to save all the variables in the current python session?


Asked By – user10

I want to save all the variables in my current python environment. It seems one option is to use the ‘pickle’ module. However, I don’t want to do this for 2 reasons:

  1. I have to call pickle.dump() for each variable
  2. When I want to retrieve the variables, I must remember the order in which I saved the variables, and then do a pickle.load() to retrieve each variable.

I am looking for some command which would save the entire session, so that when I load this saved session, all my variables are restored. Is this possible?

Edit: I guess I don’t mind calling pickle.dump() for each variable that I would like to save, but remembering the exact order in which the variables were saved seems like a big restriction. I want to avoid that.

Now we will see solution for issue: How to save all the variables in the current python session?


If you use shelve, you do not have to remember the order in which the objects are pickled, since shelve gives you a dictionary-like object:

To shelve your work:

import shelve


my_shelf =,'n') # 'n' for new

for key in dir():
        my_shelf[key] = globals()[key]
    except TypeError:
        # __builtins__, my_shelf, and imported modules can not be shelved.
        print('ERROR shelving: {0}'.format(key))

To restore:

my_shelf =
for key in my_shelf:

# Hiya
# [1, 2, 3]

This question is answered By – unutbu

This answer is collected from stackoverflow and reviewed by FixPython community admins, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0