Fix Python – Convert pyspark string to date format

Question

Asked By – Jenks

I have a date pyspark dataframe with a string column in the format of MM-dd-yyyy and I am attempting to convert this into a date column.

I tried:

df.select(to_date(df.STRING_COLUMN).alias('new_date')).show()

And I get a string of nulls. Can anyone help?

Now we will see solution for issue: Convert pyspark string to date format


Answer

Update (1/10/2018):

For Spark 2.2+ the best way to do this is probably using the to_date or to_timestamp functions, which both support the format argument. From the docs:

>>> from pyspark.sql.functions import to_timestamp
>>> df = spark.createDataFrame([('1997-02-28 10:30:00',)], ['t'])
>>> df.select(to_timestamp(df.t, 'yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss').alias('dt')).collect()
[Row(dt=datetime.datetime(1997, 2, 28, 10, 30))]

Original Answer (for Spark < 2.2)

It is possible (preferrable?) to do this without a udf:

from pyspark.sql.functions import unix_timestamp, from_unixtime

df = spark.createDataFrame(
    [("11/25/1991",), ("11/24/1991",), ("11/30/1991",)], 
    ['date_str']
)

df2 = df.select(
    'date_str', 
    from_unixtime(unix_timestamp('date_str', 'MM/dd/yyy')).alias('date')
)

print(df2)
#DataFrame[date_str: string, date: timestamp]

df2.show(truncate=False)
#+----------+-------------------+
#|date_str  |date               |
#+----------+-------------------+
#|11/25/1991|1991-11-25 00:00:00|
#|11/24/1991|1991-11-24 00:00:00|
#|11/30/1991|1991-11-30 00:00:00|
#+----------+-------------------+

This question is answered By – santon

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