Fix Python – Python Matplotlib figure title overlaps axes label when using twiny

Question

Asked By – Magic_Matt_Man

I am trying to plot two separate quantities on the same graph using twiny as follows:

fig = figure()
ax = fig.add_subplot(111)
ax.plot(T, r, 'b-', T, R, 'r-', T, r_geo, 'g-')
ax.set_yscale('log')
ax.annotate('Approx. sea level', xy=(Planet.T_day*1.3,(Planet.R)/1000), xytext=(Planet.T_day*1.3, Planet.R/1000))
ax.annotate('Geostat. orbit', xy=(Planet.T_day*1.3, r_geo[0]), xytext=(Planet.T_day*1.3, r_geo[0]))
ax.set_xlabel('Rotational period (hrs)')
ax.set_ylabel('Orbital radius (km), logarithmic')
ax.set_title('Orbital charts for ' + Planet.N, horizontalalignment='center', verticalalignment='top')


ax2 = ax.twiny()
ax2.plot(v,r,'k-')
ax2.set_xlabel('Linear speed (ms-1)')

show()

and the data is presented fine, but I am having the problem that the figure title is overlapping with the axes labels on the secondary x axis so that it’s barely legible (I wanted to post a picture example here, but I don’t have a high enough rep yet).

I’d like to know if there’s a straightforward way to just shift the title directly up a few tens of pixels, so that the chart looks prettier.

Now we will see solution for issue: Python Matplotlib figure title overlaps axes label when using twiny


Answer

I’m not sure whether it is a new feature in later versions of matplotlib, but at least for 1.3.1, this is simply:

plt.title(figure_title, y=1.08)

This also works for plt.suptitle(), but not (yet) for plt.xlabel(), etc.

This question is answered By – herrlich10

This answer is collected from stackoverflow and reviewed by FixPython community admins, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0