Fix Python – openpyxl – adjust column width size

Question

Asked By – Satish

I have following script which is converting a CSV file to an XLSX file, but my column size is very narrow. Each time I have to drag them with mouse to read data. Does anybody know how to set column width in openpyxl?

Here is the code I am using.

#!/usr/bin/python2.6
import csv
from openpyxl import Workbook
from openpyxl.cell import get_column_letter

f = open('users_info_cvs.txt', "rU")

csv.register_dialect('colons', delimiter=':')

reader = csv.reader(f, dialect='colons')

wb = Workbook()
dest_filename = r"account_info.xlsx"

ws = wb.worksheets[0]
ws.title = "Users Account Information"

for row_index, row in enumerate(reader):
    for column_index, cell in enumerate(row):
        column_letter = get_column_letter((column_index + 1))
        ws.cell('%s%s'%(column_letter, (row_index + 1))).value = cell

wb.save(filename = dest_filename)

Now we will see solution for issue: openpyxl – adjust column width size


Answer

You could estimate (or use a mono width font) to achieve this. Let’s assume data is a nested array like

[['a1','a2'],['b1','b2']]

We can get the max characters in each column. Then set the width to that. Width is exactly the width of a monospace font (if not changing other styles at least). Even if you use a variable width font it is a decent estimation. This will not work with formulas.

from openpyxl.utils import get_column_letter

column_widths = []
for row in data:
    for i, cell in enumerate(row):
        if len(column_widths) > i:
            if len(cell) > column_widths[i]:
                column_widths[i] = len(cell)
        else:
            column_widths += [len(cell)]
    
for i, column_width in enumerate(column_widths,1):  # ,1 to start at 1
    worksheet.column_dimensions[get_column_letter(i)].width = column_width

A bit of a hack but your reports will be more readable.

This question is answered By – Bufke

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