## Question

Asked By – jason

Suppose I have a pandas data frame `df`

:

I want to calculate the column wise mean of a data frame.

This is easy:

```
df.apply(average)
```

then the column wise range max(col) – min(col). This is easy again:

```
df.apply(max) - df.apply(min)
```

Now for each element I want to subtract its column’s mean and divide by its column’s range. I am not sure how to do that

Any help/pointers are much appreciated.

**Now we will see solution for issue: Normalize data in pandas **

## Answer

```
In [92]: df
Out[92]:
a b c d
A -0.488816 0.863769 4.325608 -4.721202
B -11.937097 2.993993 -12.916784 -1.086236
C -5.569493 4.672679 -2.168464 -9.315900
D 8.892368 0.932785 4.535396 0.598124
In [93]: df_norm = (df - df.mean()) / (df.max() - df.min())
In [94]: df_norm
Out[94]:
a b c d
A 0.085789 -0.394348 0.337016 -0.109935
B -0.463830 0.164926 -0.650963 0.256714
C -0.158129 0.605652 -0.035090 -0.573389
D 0.536170 -0.376229 0.349037 0.426611
In [95]: df_norm.mean()
Out[95]:
a -2.081668e-17
b 4.857226e-17
c 1.734723e-17
d -1.040834e-17
In [96]: df_norm.max() - df_norm.min()
Out[96]:
a 1
b 1
c 1
d 1
```

This question is answered By – Wouter Overmeire

**This answer is collected from stackoverflow and reviewed by FixPython community admins, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 **