Fix Python – Iterating Over Dictionary Key Values Corresponding to List in Python


Asked By – Burton Guster

Working in Python 2.7. I have a dictionary with team names as the keys and the amount of runs scored and allowed for each team as the value list:

NL_East = {'Phillies': [645, 469], 'Braves': [599, 548], 'Mets': [653, 672]}

I would like to be able to feed the dictionary into a function and iterate over each team (the keys).

Here’s the code I’m using. Right now, I can only go team by team. How would I iterate over each team and print the expected win_percentage for each team?

def Pythag(league):
    runs_scored = float(league['Phillies'][0])
    runs_allowed = float(league['Phillies'][1])
    win_percentage = round((runs_scored**2)/((runs_scored**2)+(runs_allowed**2))*1000)
    print win_percentage

Thanks for any help.

Now we will see solution for issue: Iterating Over Dictionary Key Values Corresponding to List in Python


You have several options for iterating over a dictionary.

If you iterate over the dictionary itself (for team in league), you will be iterating over the keys of the dictionary. When looping with a for loop, the behavior will be the same whether you loop over the dict (league) itself, or league.keys():

for team in league.keys():
    runs_scored, runs_allowed = map(float, league[team])

You can also iterate over both the keys and the values at once by iterating over league.items():

for team, runs in league.items():
    runs_scored, runs_allowed = map(float, runs)

You can even perform your tuple unpacking while iterating:

for team, (runs_scored, runs_allowed) in league.items():
    runs_scored = float(runs_scored)
    runs_allowed = float(runs_allowed)

This question is answered By – Andrew Clark

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