Fix Python – How can I search sub-folders using glob.glob module? [duplicate]

Question

Asked By – UserYmY

I want to open a series of subfolders in a folder and find some text files and print some lines of the text files. I am using this:

configfiles = glob.glob('C:/Users/sam/Desktop/file1/*.txt')

But this cannot access the subfolders as well. Does anyone know how I can use the same command to access subfolders as well?

Now we will see solution for issue: How can I search sub-folders using glob.glob module? [duplicate]


Answer

In Python 3.5 and newer use the new recursive **/ functionality:

configfiles = glob.glob('C:/Users/sam/Desktop/file1/**/*.txt', recursive=True)

When recursive is set, ** followed by a path separator matches 0 or more subdirectories.

In earlier Python versions, glob.glob() cannot list files in subdirectories recursively.

In that case I’d use os.walk() combined with fnmatch.filter() instead:

import os
import fnmatch

path = 'C:/Users/sam/Desktop/file1'

configfiles = [os.path.join(dirpath, f)
    for dirpath, dirnames, files in os.walk(path)
    for f in fnmatch.filter(files, '*.txt')]

This’ll walk your directories recursively and return all absolute pathnames to matching .txt files. In this specific case the fnmatch.filter() may be overkill, you could also use a .endswith() test:

import os

path = 'C:/Users/sam/Desktop/file1'

configfiles = [os.path.join(dirpath, f)
    for dirpath, dirnames, files in os.walk(path)
    for f in files if f.endswith('.txt')]

This question is answered By – Martijn Pieters

This answer is collected from stackoverflow and reviewed by FixPython community admins, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0