Fix Python – Difference between Encapsulation and Abstraction


Asked By – WpfBee

I had an interview today. I had a question from OOP, about the difference between Encapsulation & Abstraction?

I replied to my knowledge that Encapsulation is basically binding data members & member functions into a single unit called Class. Whereas Abstraction is basically to hide implementation complexity & provide ease of access to the users. I thought she would be okay with my answer. But she queried if the purpose of both is to hide information then what the actual difference between these two is? I could not give any answer to her.

Before asking this question, I read other threads on StackOverFlow about the difference between these two OOPs concepts. But I am not finding myself in a position to convince the interviewer.

Can anyone please justify it with the simplest example?

Now we will see solution for issue: Difference between Encapsulation and Abstraction


Encapsulation hides variables or some implementation that may be changed so often in a class to prevent outsiders access it directly. They must access it via getter and setter methods.

Abstraction is used to hide something too, but in a higher degree (class, interface). Clients who use an abstract class (or interface) do not care about what it was, they just need to know what it can do.

This question is answered By – phnkha

This answer is collected from stackoverflow and reviewed by FixPython community admins, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0