Fix Python – Check if Python Package is installed

Question

Asked By – Kevin

What’s a good way to check if a package is installed while within a Python script? I know it’s easy from the interpreter, but I need to do it within a script.

I guess I could check if there’s a directory on the system that’s created during the installation, but I feel like there’s a better way. I’m trying to make sure the Skype4Py package is installed, and if not I’ll install it.

My ideas for accomplishing the check

  • check for a directory in the typical install path
  • try to import the package and if an exception is throw, then install package

Now we will see solution for issue: Check if Python Package is installed


Answer

If you mean a python script, just do something like this:

Python 3.3+ use sys.modules and find_spec:

import importlib.util
import sys

# For illustrative purposes.
name = 'itertools'

if name in sys.modules:
    print(f"{name!r} already in sys.modules")
elif (spec := importlib.util.find_spec(name)) is not None:
    # If you choose to perform the actual import ...
    module = importlib.util.module_from_spec(spec)
    sys.modules[name] = module
    spec.loader.exec_module(module)
    print(f"{name!r} has been imported")
else:
    print(f"can't find the {name!r} module")

Python 3:

try:
    import mymodule
except ImportError as e:
    pass  # module doesn't exist, deal with it.

Python 2:

try:
    import mymodule
except ImportError, e:
    pass  # module doesn't exist, deal with it.

This question is answered By – Christopher

This answer is collected from stackoverflow and reviewed by FixPython community admins, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0