## Question

Asked By – tqjustc

In the sklearn-python toolbox, there are two functions `transform`

and `fit_transform`

about `sklearn.decomposition.RandomizedPCA`

. The description of two functions are as follows

But what is the difference between them ?

**Now we will see solution for issue: what is the difference between ‘transform’ and ‘fit_transform’ in sklearn **

## Answer

The `.transform`

method is meant for when you have already computed `PCA`

, i.e. if you have already called its `.fit`

method.

```
In [12]: pc2 = RandomizedPCA(n_components=3)
In [13]: pc2.transform(X) # can't transform because it does not know how to do it.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
AttributeError Traceback (most recent call last)
<ipython-input-13-e3b6b8ea2aff> in <module>()
----> 1 pc2.transform(X)
/usr/local/lib/python3.4/dist-packages/sklearn/decomposition/pca.py in transform(self, X, y)
714 # XXX remove scipy.sparse support here in 0.16
715 X = atleast2d_or_csr(X)
--> 716 if self.mean_ is not None:
717 X = X - self.mean_
718
AttributeError: 'RandomizedPCA' object has no attribute 'mean_'
In [14]: pc2.ftransform(X)
pc2.fit pc2.fit_transform
In [14]: pc2.fit_transform(X)
Out[14]:
array([[-1.38340578, -0.2935787 ],
[-2.22189802, 0.25133484],
[-3.6053038 , -0.04224385],
[ 1.38340578, 0.2935787 ],
[ 2.22189802, -0.25133484],
[ 3.6053038 , 0.04224385]])
```

So you want to `fit`

`RandomizedPCA`

and then `transform`

as:

```
In [20]: pca = RandomizedPCA(n_components=3)
In [21]: pca.fit(X)
Out[21]:
RandomizedPCA(copy=True, iterated_power=3, n_components=3, random_state=None,
whiten=False)
In [22]: pca.transform(z)
Out[22]:
array([[ 2.76681156, 0.58715739],
[ 1.92831932, 1.13207093],
[ 0.54491354, 0.83849224],
[ 5.53362311, 1.17431479],
[ 6.37211535, 0.62940125],
[ 7.75552113, 0.92297994]])
In [23]:
```

In particular PCA `.transform`

applies the change of basis obtained through the PCA decomposition of the matrix `X`

to the matrix `Z`

.

This question is answered By – Donbeo

**This answer is collected from stackoverflow and reviewed by FixPython community admins, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 **