Fix Python – python list by value not by reference [duplicate]


Asked By – d.putto

Let’s take an example

a=['help', 'copyright', 'credits', 'license']
['help', 'copyright', 'credits', 'license', 'XYZ']
['help', 'copyright', 'credits', 'license', 'XYZ']

I wanted to append value in list ‘b’ but the value of list ‘a’ have also changed.

I think I have little idea why its like this (python passes lists by reference).

My question is “how can I pass it by value so that appending ‘b’ does’t change values in ‘a’ ?”

Now we will see solution for issue: python list by value not by reference [duplicate]


You cannot pass anything by value in Python. If you want to make a copy of a, you can do so explicitly, as described in the official Python FAQ:

b = a[:]

This question is answered By – phihag

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