Fix Python – Backporting Python 3 open(encoding=”utf-8″) to Python 2

Question

Asked By – Mikko Ohtamaa

I have a Python codebase, built for Python 3, which uses Python 3 style open() with encoding parameter:

https://github.com/miohtama/vvv/blob/master/vvv/textlineplugin.py#L47

    with open(fname, "rt", encoding="utf-8") as f:

Now I’d like to backport this code to Python 2.x, so that I would have a codebase which works with Python 2 and Python 3.

What’s the recommended strategy to work around open() differences and lack of encoding parameter?

Could I have a Python 3 open() style file handler which streams bytestrings, so it would act like Python 2 open()?

Now we will see solution for issue: Backporting Python 3 open(encoding=”utf-8″) to Python 2


Answer

1. To get an encoding parameter in Python 2:

If you only need to support Python 2.6 and 2.7 you can use io.open instead of open. io is the new io subsystem for Python 3, and it exists in Python 2,6 ans 2.7 as well. Please be aware that in Python 2.6 (as well as 3.0) it’s implemented purely in python and very slow, so if you need speed in reading files, it’s not a good option.

If you need speed, and you need to support Python 2.6 or earlier, you can use codecs.open instead. It also has an encoding parameter, and is quite similar to io.open except it handles line-endings differently.

2. To get a Python 3 open() style file handler which streams bytestrings:

open(filename, 'rb')

Note the ‘b’, meaning ‘binary’.

This question is answered By – Lennart Regebro

This answer is collected from stackoverflow and reviewed by FixPython community admins, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0