Fix Python – Remove duplicate dict in list in Python

Question

Asked By – Brenden

I have a list of dicts, and I’d like to remove the dicts with identical key and value pairs.

For this list: [{'a': 123}, {'b': 123}, {'a': 123}]

I’d like to return this: [{'a': 123}, {'b': 123}]

Another example:

For this list: [{'a': 123, 'b': 1234}, {'a': 3222, 'b': 1234}, {'a': 123, 'b': 1234}]

I’d like to return this: [{'a': 123, 'b': 1234}, {'a': 3222, 'b': 1234}]

Now we will see solution for issue: Remove duplicate dict in list in Python


Answer

Try this:

[dict(t) for t in {tuple(d.items()) for d in l}]

The strategy is to convert the list of dictionaries to a list of tuples where the tuples contain the items of the dictionary. Since the tuples can be hashed, you can remove duplicates using set (using a set comprehension here, older python alternative would be set(tuple(d.items()) for d in l)) and, after that, re-create the dictionaries from tuples with dict.

where:

  • l is the original list
  • d is one of the dictionaries in the list
  • t is one of the tuples created from a dictionary

Edit: If you want to preserve ordering, the one-liner above won’t work since set won’t do that. However, with a few lines of code, you can also do that:

l = [{'a': 123, 'b': 1234},
        {'a': 3222, 'b': 1234},
        {'a': 123, 'b': 1234}]

seen = set()
new_l = []
for d in l:
    t = tuple(d.items())
    if t not in seen:
        seen.add(t)
        new_l.append(d)

print new_l

Example output:

[{'a': 123, 'b': 1234}, {'a': 3222, 'b': 1234}]

Note: As pointed out by @alexis it might happen that two dictionaries with the same keys and values, don’t result in the same tuple. That could happen if they go through a different adding/removing keys history. If that’s the case for your problem, then consider sorting d.items() as he suggests.

This question is answered By – jcollado

This answer is collected from stackoverflow and reviewed by FixPython community admins, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0