Fix Python – pandas loc vs. iloc vs. at vs. iat?


Asked By – scribbles

Recently began branching out from my safe place (R) into Python and and am a bit confused by the cell localization/selection in Pandas. I’ve read the documentation but I’m struggling to understand the practical implications of the various localization/selection options.

Is there a reason why I should ever use .loc or .iloc over at, and iat or vice versa? In what situations should I use which method?

Note: future readers be aware that this question is old and was written before pandas v0.20 when there used to exist a function called .ix. This method was later split into two – loc and iloc – to make the explicit distinction between positional and label based indexing. Please beware that ix was discontinued due to inconsistent behavior and being hard to grok, and no longer exists in current versions of pandas (>= 1.0).

Now we will see solution for issue: pandas loc vs. iloc vs. at vs. iat?


loc: only work on index
iloc: work on position
at: get scalar values. It’s a very fast loc
iat: Get scalar values. It’s a very fast iloc


at and iat are meant to access a scalar, that is, a single element
in the dataframe, while loc and iloc are ments to access several
elements at the same time, potentially to perform vectorized

This question is answered By – lautremont

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