Fix Python – Is there a decorator to simply cache function return values?

Question

Asked By – Tobias

Consider the following:

@property
def name(self):

    if not hasattr(self, '_name'):

        # expensive calculation
        self._name = 1 + 1

    return self._name

I’m new, but I think the caching could be factored out into a decorator. Only I didn’t find one like it πŸ˜‰

PS the real calculation doesn’t depend on mutable values

Now we will see solution for issue: Is there a decorator to simply cache function return values?


Answer

Python 3.8 functools.cached_property decorator

https://docs.python.org/dev/library/functools.html#functools.cached_property

cached_property from Werkzeug was mentioned at: https://stackoverflow.com/a/5295190/895245 but a supposedly derived version will be merged into 3.8, which is awesome.

This decorator can be seen as caching @property, or as a cleaner @functools.lru_cache for when you don’t have any arguments.

The docs say:

@functools.cached_property(func)

Transform a method of a class into a property whose value is computed once and then cached as a normal attribute for the life of the instance. Similar to property(), with the addition of caching. Useful for expensive computed properties of instances that are otherwise effectively immutable.

Example:

class DataSet:
    def __init__(self, sequence_of_numbers):
        self._data = sequence_of_numbers

    @cached_property
    def stdev(self):
        return statistics.stdev(self._data)

    @cached_property
    def variance(self):
        return statistics.variance(self._data)

New in version 3.8.

Note This decorator requires that the dict attribute on each instance be a mutable mapping. This means it will not work with some types, such as metaclasses (since the dict attributes on type instances are read-only proxies for the class namespace), and those that specify slots without including dict as one of the defined slots (as such classes don’t provide a dict attribute at all).

This question is answered By – Ciro Santilli OurBigBook.com

This answer is collected from stackoverflow and reviewed by FixPython community admins, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0