Fix Python – How do I format a date in Jinja2?

Question

Asked By – Ambrosio

Using Jinja2, how do I format a date field? I know in Python I can simply do this:

print(car.date_of_manufacture.strftime('%Y-%m-%d'))

But how do I format the date in Jinja2?

Now we will see solution for issue: How do I format a date in Jinja2?


Answer

There are two ways to do it. The direct approach would be to simply call (and print) the strftime() method in your template, for example

{{ car.date_of_manufacture.strftime('%Y-%m-%d') }}

Another, sightly better approach would be to define your own filter, e.g.:

from flask import Flask
import babel

app = Flask(__name__)

@app.template_filter()
def format_datetime(value, format='medium'):
    if format == 'full':
        format="EEEE, d. MMMM y 'at' HH:mm"
    elif format == 'medium':
        format="EE dd.MM.y HH:mm"
    return babel.dates.format_datetime(value, format)
    

(This filter is based on babel for reasons regarding i18n, but you can use strftime too). The advantage of the filter is, that you can write

{{ car.date_of_manufacture|format_datetime }}
{{ car.date_of_manufacture|format_datetime('full') }}

which looks nicer and is more maintainable. Another common filter is also the “timedelta” filter, which evaluates to something like “written 8 minutes ago”. You can use babel.dates.format_timedelta for that, and register it as filter similar to the datetime example given here.

This question is answered By – tux21b

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