Fix Python – Is there any pythonic way to combine two dicts (adding values for keys that appear in both)?

Question

Asked By – Derrick Zhang

For example I have two dicts:

Dict A: {'a': 1, 'b': 2, 'c': 3}
Dict B: {'b': 3, 'c': 4, 'd': 5}

I need a pythonic way of ‘combining’ two dicts such that the result is:

{'a': 1, 'b': 5, 'c': 7, 'd': 5}

That is to say: if a key appears in both dicts, add their values, if it appears in only one dict, keep its value.

Now we will see solution for issue: Is there any pythonic way to combine two dicts (adding values for keys that appear in both)?


Answer

Use collections.Counter:

>>> from collections import Counter
>>> A = Counter({'a':1, 'b':2, 'c':3})
>>> B = Counter({'b':3, 'c':4, 'd':5})
>>> A + B
Counter({'c': 7, 'b': 5, 'd': 5, 'a': 1})

Counters are basically a subclass of dict, so you can still do everything else with them you’d normally do with that type, such as iterate over their keys and values.

This question is answered By – Martijn Pieters

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